In India, Teachers’ Day is celebrated to mark the birthday of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan Virswami, first vice president, second president and an exponent in the field of education. It is said that when Radhakrishnan became the President, his students wanted to celebrate his birthday. He refused this politely. But, when his students relentlessly tried to persuade him to celebrate his birthday, he expressed his opinion, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be better and quite heartening for me, if my birthday, i.e., September 5 gets observed as Teachers’ Day”. Since 1962, the year he became president of India, his birthday has been observed as Teachers’ Day, the day that pays tribute to teachers and gurus.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is recognized as one of the most distinguished scholars of philosophy and comparative religion in twentieth century. Born in September 5, 1888 in a Telugu family in a village near Thiruttani, Radhakrshnana spent his early years in Thiruttani and Tirupati. Radhakrishnan was awarded scholarships throughout his academic life. Sarvepalli Veeraswami was his father and Sitamma was his mother. Radhakrishnan got primary education at K.V. High School and Thiruttani. At the age of 8, he moved to the Herman burg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati. At the age of 17, he switched to Madras Christian College, from where he graduated in the year 1906, with a master’s degree in Philosophy. Radhakrishnan is regarded as one of its most distinguished alumni of Christian College.
It is said that financial constraints made Radhakrishnan study philosophy. As his cousin graduated from the same college in Philosophy, Radhkrishnan decided to pursue his education in Philosophy thinking that the books of his cousin will get available to him. Radhakrishnan wrote his thesis for the M.A. degree on “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions”. His thesis was then regarded as a reply to the accusation that “the system called Vedanta had no room for ethics.” Later, he went to University of Calcutta (1921-1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford(1936-1952). “Teachers should be the best minds in the country,” believed the statesman, philosopher and a great mind himself, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan strongly believed.
Teachers’ Day is celebrated all across India with great gaiety and fervor. On this day, students pay obeisance to their teachers, express their gratitude and honor them. The students of today lavish fulsome praise on their teachers write beautiful messages on their social media accounts. Right from presenting greeting cards, flowers to expensive gifts, students choose this day to align themselves with their teachers, as the students sincerely believe that what they are today is only because of the education that their respected teacher has provided them in their formative years. This very day also marks the fiduciary relationship that exists between teacher and students. On this very day, students organize cultural programs that include, but not limited to a skit highlighting the eternal relationship that exists between students and teacher, games like musical chair, passing parcels, etc.
Source By: Kalp Faculty of Education